Warren Wood Investigations – July 2014

In July, 15 AIM members visited the Warren Wood site on Sundays the 6th and 27th.

To conclude AIM’s WW12 Project, Trench 9 is being gradually backfilled.

On the 15th of June preparatory work on AIM’s new Project, WW14, had begun. Both the original 2006 base line bolts were located (65 metres apart) and a line of ranging poles was lined up and measuring tapes placed along this line. At 25m and 35m from the eastern base line bolt, ranging poles were inserted and precise measurements were taken using the optical square (see photograph) and then measuring tapes to locate original test pits 5, 6, 7 and 8 excavated during Project WW10 .

WW14 140515 (5)rev L

Once located, the 1 metre x 1 metre squares of test pit 10 (midpoint between test pits 7 and 8 in the inner enclosure) and test pit 11 (midpoint between test pits 6 and 8 in the inner enclosure) were marked out.

Test Pit 10

Leaf mould was removed from the surface of test pit 10 to expose context 1 which consisted of dark brown, loamy soil.  Photos and a drawing were taken before the commencement of any digging.  Some initial excavation work was then undertaken, recovering a large amount of tile and other possible finds.  All finds were subsequently cleaned, recorded and stored for further examination.

On the 27th further work was undertaken on test pit 10 (see photograph) to define a possible structure consisting of heavily compacted flints interspersed with fragments of tile.

WW14 140727 (4) LThis possible structure lies within context 1, which consists of a dark brown loamy soil (see photograph). WW14 T10 Conx 1 140706 (1) L

It was decided to extend test pit 10 by 0.5 metres, both an easterly and westerly direction.  Excavation work was undertaken in the two extended areas, revealing heavily compacted flints interspersed with fragments of tile. This excavation work was undertaken within context 1, which consisted of a dark brown loamy soil.  A quantity of tiles was extracted (see photograph), counted and weighed onsite and then stored in a separate pile near the test pit.  A number of other finds were extracted and subsequently cleaned, recorded and stored for further examination.

WW14 140727 T10 Finds (1) L

Finds from test pit 10

33 pieces of (probably) worked flint weighing 132 g

24 sherds of pottery weighing 112g

1164 pieces of tile weighing 7.806 kg

1 burnt flint weighing 19g

Test Pit 11

Leaf mould was also removed from the surface of test pit 11 to expose context 1 which again consisted of dark brown, loamy soil.  Photos and a drawing were taken before the commencement of any digging. Context 2 was also a light brown soil, but less loamy and more sandy in context.   A considerable quantity of tile and other possible finds were excavated.  All finds were subsequently cleaned, recorded and stored for further examination. Very few large flint nodules were identified in test pit 11.  It was clear from the excavation of context 2 that the area had been disturbed in the past through the cutting of tree roots, presumably to assist with the removal of a tree which appears to have been located in the centre of the test pit.

Finds from test pit 11

22 pieces of (probably) worked flint weighing 71g

19 sherds of pottery weighing 122g

847 pieces of tile weighing14.679 kg

2 items of metal weighing 10g

1 burnt flint weighing 5g

3 pieces of bone weighing 2g

1 possible fragment of brick weighing 131g

As with AIM’s Project WW10, much roof tile and pottery sherds continue to appear. This would again seem to date from the 12th the 15th century and are probably mid to late Norman period.

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