Warren Wood Investigations – June 2014

In June AIM members visited the Warren Wood site on the 1st, 15th and 29th.

Trench 9 was cleaned up and stakes were inserted where archaeology ended and natural geology commenced, along the trench at 1 metre intervals. Measurements were taken at each stake to confirm the exact measurement between the surface of the trench and natural geology.

These reading were combined with previous context measurements to produce two profiles of each side of the trench (see graphics below).

WW12 Profile North 10L

WW12 Profile South 10L

In late June the pottery pieces from Trench 9 were sent off to pottery expert Paul Blinkhorn for identification and analysis. His ‘discussion’ and spreadsheet follow.

Discussion

 Perhaps the most striking feature of this pottery assemblage is that all the sherds are small and most are abraded, included the medieval wares, suggesting that all the pottery other than the post-Roman material is residual, and even this is at least the product of secondary deposition, and may also be residual.  The overall mean sherd weight for the whole group, c 4g, is very low.

 These factors, coupled with the small assemblage size, makes any interpretation of the assemblage somewhat tentative, but the fact that the assemblage from the top of the bank, squares B and C, appear to be Romano-British, does suggest that the feature is of such a date, especially as pottery of that period was entirely absent from the excavated features of the inner enclosure. Given the extremely small and abraded nature of the prehistoric material, it seems most, if not all, is residual, although as the inner enclosure is of such a date, the possibility that some of the material is reliably stratified in an ancient ground-surface cannot be discounted, especially in the case of the material from squares A2 and G. The medieval material therefore probably represents later use of the visible earth-works, although it must be repeated that this interpretation should be regarded as very tentative, and further excavation is needed to clarify the chronology of the monument.

Table 1: Pottery occurrence by number and weight (in g) of sherds per context by fabric type

 

F1 F2 F4 RBF1 RBF2 RBF3 MS3
Tr Sq Cntxt No Wt No Wt No Wt No Wt No Wt No Wt No Wt Date
9 A2 2 4 17 LBA?
9 A 2 3 9 1 4 L11thC
9 B 2 7 27 1 2 3 8 RB?
9 C 2 3 30 1 3 4 12 1 6 2 9 1 1 RB?
9 D 2 4 20 12thC
9 F 1 1 2 RB??
9 G 1 1 5 LBA?
Total 10 57 10 36 4 12 1 6 2 9 3 11 5 24

 

The Trench was photographed (see below) and on the 15th and 29th of June and into July, Trench 9 was gradually backfilled to resemble its original condition.

WW12 T9 W-E 140601 (7)L

Once all the data and other artefacts have been identified and analysed, a report will be written, which will uploaded to this site.

 

 

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