Warren Wood Investigations – March & April 2014

We commenced our investigations in 2014 on the 30th of March. A total of 13 AIM members and visiting volunteers visited our trench at Warren Wood on the 30th and the 6th of April. Unfortunately our planned visit on the 20th of April was cancelled due to heavy and persistent rain.  

On the 30th of March, we cleaned up Trench 9 and re-measured and missing marker pegs replaced. Excavations took place in squares A2 and C and all the soil was sieved (see photograph). A possible Flint Flake was located in square C and a fossil was unearthed in square A2 (see September blog for plan of squares). 

ww12140330 (4) revOn the 6th of April we were delighted to welcome Phil Andrews a Professional Archaeologist from Wessex Archaeology again to the site. Phil brought along his auger and a series of insertions were undertaken at 0.5 metres north, parallel to the bank and ditch. Extra insertions were carried out 4M and 8M west of the trench. 

It was established that natural soil consisted of a compressed clay texture with a yellowish hue (see photograph).  Preceding that was the orange sandy/clay type material that we had previously excavated in the trench.  It was also established that natural was reached at the following average depths: 

A/B intersection – 40cm, C/D intersection – 45cm, F/G intersection – 40cm

4m Distance – 35/40cm, 8m Distance – 40/50cm

 WW12 T9 140406 Augered Soil 2 rev

Additionally, work continued to excavate squares A1, A2, F and G.  All soil excavated was sieved.  No finds were identified and no change of context was noted. 

In addition preliminary auger tests were also conducted on the bank and ditch at the South West corner of the inner enclosure.  The soil here consisted of dark sand with a progressively greater proportion of clay, to a depth of 1.1m.  Further tests will be needed to establish whether this constitutes the natural soil. 

Following sight of the Lidar Surveys of the area, conducted by the Environment agency, Phil showed us on the ground that there was probably a much larger enclosure, containing the inner and outer enclosures, previously identified. 

Phil returned our large animal bone (see photograph in June blog) following identification as a cattle bone, the right tibia, thought to be a bit large to be Iron Age, and, therefore, medieval. 

Trench 9 will now be cleaned up ready for profile recording (drawing and photographic), using AIM’s laser level and staff. The trench will then be filled in. 

Future augering, landscape investigations and excavations will take place during future visits.

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